Apurimac Iron Ore Project


Key project features:

  • Concessions totalling approximately 7,500 hectares in the Southern Highlands of Peru.
  • JORC Resource of 269Mt of iron ore at Opaban of 57.3% Fe (142 Mt Indicated at 57.84% Fe and 127 Mt Inferred at 56.7% Fe).
  • Mineralisation predominantly high-grade, coarse-grained magnetite providing  comparatively high mass recoveries (>60%) at coarse grind size (>500 microns).
  • Excellent exploration potential within current concessions with several targets containing ironstones grading >60%Fe in similar geological settings to Opaban.
  • Base case of 20Mtpa of concentrate produced by open pit mining and processing 20 – 27Mtpa of ore with transport of the high grade (>66%Fe) product to the coast via a slurry pipeline for drying and shipment to customers.
  • Estimated capital expenditure (2010) of US$ 2.6 – 2.9 billion, competitive with other major iron ore projects.
  • Attractive life-of-mine operating expenses (2010) of US$ 17 – 20 per tonne of product
  • Undulating topography at project mine site.
  • Consolidation opportunities.

Location and Geography

The Apurimac project is located in the Southern Highlands of Peru.

Strike’s Interest

Strike holds an interest in this project through its 100% holding in Peruvian company Apurimac Ferrum SA (AF). AF owns the project’s mineral concessions at Apurimac.


AF completed an initial Pre-feasibility Study (PFS) in 2008 based on the following primary parameters:

  • 27Mtpa mining operation for 20Mtpa product.
  • Coarse, wet magnetic beneficiation producing >68%Fe product with low impurities.
  • Product transportation via slurry pipeline to coast for dewatering and export.

This study indicated the project is technically sound and hosted a number of competitive advantages, in particular:

  • High grade for magnetite deposits with the average grade for the Opaban deposit of 57.3%Fe being almost double that for most magnetite deposits.  This means the proportion of ore which reports to the final product is significantly higher than for most other deposits (>60% compared with 30 – 35% for most magnetite deposits).
  • Coarse-grained magnetite which means suitable concentrates can be produced at coarse grain sizes relative to most other magnetite deposits.  This significantly reduces the costs for grinding of the ore.
  • Broad, continuous and regular deposit shape providing relatively low stripping (waste to ore) ratios for open cut mining.
  • Sufficient water supply and reasonable local infrastructure.
  • A suitable deep water port facility.
  • Overall 3,500 metre fall to the coast providing pumping cost savings for the slurry pipeline.

During 2010 AF completed trade-off studies on the alternatives of production rates of 10 and 15Mtpa to produce either a concentrate or combined lump and fines products, to supplement the initial PFS.  The trade-off studies comprised:

  • Process Plant and Port Filtration Facility Study – conducted by Ausenco
  • Concept Mine Study – conducted by SRK Consulting
  • Concentrate Pipeline Study – conducted by Ausenco PSI

The results showed the project’s capital costs are relatively insensitive to production rate, principally due to the significant portion of “fixed” costs associated with infrastructure.

Capital cost estimates for alternative production rates

Concentrate product

20 Mtpa 15 Mtpa 10 Mtpa
Capex (US$) $2,894m $2,611m $2,279m
Opex (US$)  $17. 4/t  $17. 4/t $19.8/t

Lump & fines product

15 Mtpa 10 Mtpa
Capex (US$) $3,950m $3,470m
Opex (US$) $11.8/t $11.8/t
Note: Capital and operating expenses for the 20Mtpa options have been escalated from the 2008 PFS. Costs for the lower production options have been factored from the 20Mtpa case.
  • The mine will have a strip ratio of between 1.2 and 1.8.
  • A high conversion ratio (>80%) of resources to economically-recoverable material is likely based on current operating costs.  Mine sensitivity analysis indicates a robust project, relatively insensitive to mining costs, pit-design parameters and mining recoveries.
  • The mine has a potential life, based on an optimised pit on current Indicated and Inferred Resources, of 18yrs for 10Mtpa, 12yrs for 15Mtpa and 9yrs for 20Mtpa production rates.
  • The process plant and port facility for the 10 and 15Mtpa options offer advantages in reduced equipment sizing.  The “lump and fines” option provides a considerably simplified process circuit and, hence, reduced capital and operating costs.

JORC Resource

The Apurimac project has a JORC resource of 269.4 Mt, consisting of:

  • a 142.2 Mt Indicated Mineral Resource at 57.8% Fe; and
  • a 127.2 Mt Inferred Mineral Resource at 56.7% Fe.

Combined Mineral Resources for Opaban 1 and Opaban 3 are summarised in the table below. Combined total Mineral Resources for Opaban 1 and Opaban 3

Category Density t/m3 Mt* Fe% SiO2% Al2O3% P% S%
Inferred 4 127.19 56.7 9.66 2.7 0.04 0.20
Indicated – Opaban 1 (40% Fe cut-off) 4  133.71 57.57 9.46 2.54 0.04 0.12
Indicated – Opaban 3 (within 55% Fe envelope) 4 8.53 62.08 4.58 1.37 0.07 0.25
Totals 269.4 57.30 9.40 2.56 0.04 0.16

Full details of the basis for the Resource estimation are contained in Strike’s 11 February 2010 ASX Announcement Apurimac Project Resource Upgrade.

Community Relations

Strike has previously established a strong community relations team based in Peru, who maintained dialogue and worked closely with the local communities and stakeholders. Strike has made significant investments in local infrastructure and community projects in support of the local communities.

Community approvals to continue exploration activities were secured in 2013 – however the exploration activity was not completed due to the Company deciding to suspend its operations in Peru.


The Apurimac iron ore has excellent metallurgical properties which provide significant advantages for the project. These properties include:

  • The presence of potential direct shipping ore (DSO).
  • Coarse-grained, friable (soft) magnetite is present at depth with:
    • coarse particle liberation size of at least 250 microns and potentially a large as 1mm (against an industry average of 30 – 40 microns) which reduces energy costs for the beneficiation process.
    • greater than 60% mass recovery (against an industry average of 30 – 40%).
    • no floatation circuit required at Opaban.
    • the possibility for dry magnetic separation to produce a “sinter fines” product.

The metallurgical testwork programs are designed to translate these advantages into reduced operating costs and improved project returns.

Exploration Potential

Historical work done by the Peruvian Government’s Department of Mines and the Takahashi Trading Company indicate potential iron ore mineralisation in the Apurimac project of 700Mt at 58% to 62% Fe. (The potential quantity of the target iron ore mineralisation is conceptual in nature.  There has been insufficient exploration to define an additional Mineral Resource in relation to that target iron ore.  It is uncertain whether further exploration will result in the determination of an additional Mineral Resource in relation to that target iron ore.) The project resource of 269Mt is located entirely on two concessions: Opaban 1 and 3.

During the December quarter 2012 a review of previous exploration data within the Apurimac concessions and the interpretation of high-quality remote sensing data was completed. The objective of the review was to assess the potential for iron ore and copper/gold within its concessions and adjacent areas, to prioritise exploration targets and community relations programs to secure exploration access agreements. The data review included a compilation of the available airborne and ground magnetic surveys, geological mapping at the reconnaissance and prospect level, regional geochemistry, surface sampling and drilling results and the interpretation of detailed multi-spectral remote sensing (ASTER) data by an independent expert. The outcome of the review was the creation of a series of ranked exploration targets and a number of high-priority satellite deposits in the Apurimac concessions were identified, warranting further magnetic surveys and additional reconnaissance mapping and sampling prior to drill testing.

The top priority drilling area remains the Opaban prospect and, in particular, the extension of the existing resources at both Opaban I and Opaban III. The strike length of the magnetic anomaly on Opaban I and III is approximately 5.4 kilometres in Strike-owned concessions. Drilling presently only covers 50% of this area, so there is strong potential to discover additional iron ore on these properties. Analysis to identify the relative contributions of exoskarn (limestone hosted) and endoskarn (intrusive hosted) to the current Opaban resource will be undertaken. The results of this analysis will affect the design of the proposed Opaban resource extension drilling program and the exploration programs for adjacent concessions that have the potential to extend and/or repeat the Opaban deposits. Re-commencement of drilling at Opaban depends upon securing access approvals from the communities on whose land the concessions are located.


The Sillaccassa concession block lies approximately 25 km west of Opaban. Exploration to date has identified three magnetic anomalies; two of which extend for more than one kilometre and have coincident outcropping magnetite-rich ironstones. Iron grades from rock-chip sampling of the ironstones, which extend for approximately one kilometre in strike length, averaged 69% Fe.

Based on the extent of the magnetic anomalies and ironstones these concessions have been assessed to have potential to contain 50 – 150 Mt of iron ore at grades of 35 – 60% Fe. Accordingly, this area could provide a significant satellite resource for an iron ore operation at Opaban.

The ASTER interpretation identifies this area as being of moderate to high importance, with a broad area of iron oxides, iron hydroxides, and iron silicates with clays and a magnetic anomaly. This area presents interesting zones of alteration nested in the area between northeast and east-northeast lineaments and zones of magnetic highs. A ground geophysical survey and 1:5000 scale mapping program were completed in 2011.

The next stage of work will include conducting check mapping, the extension of the ground magnetics into recently acquired concessions and drill testing.

JORC Code Competent Person Statement

The information in this website that relates to exploration results and mineral resources has been compiled by Mr Ken Hellsten, B.Sc. (Geology), who is a consultant to Strike Resources Ltd and is a Fellow of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Mr Hellsten has sufficient experience relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration and to the activity which he is undertaking to qualify as a Competent Person as defined in the 2004 Edition of the “Australasian Code for Reporting of Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves” (the JORC Code). Mr Hellsten consents to the inclusion in this document of the matters based on this information in the form and context in which it appears.